Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Species native to Vietnam

Detailed species

Native species

Big-Headed Turtle
(Platysternon megacephalum)

Malayan Box Turtle
(Cuora amboinensis kamaroma)

Indochinese Box Turtle
(Cuora galbinifrons)

Bourret’s Box Turtle
(Cuora bourreti)

Southern Vietnamese Box Turtle
(Cuora picturata)

Keeled Box Turtle
(Cuora mouhotii)

Vietnamese Three-striped Box Turtle
(Cuora (trifasciata) cyclornata)

Western Black-bridged Leaf Turtle
(Cyclemys atripons)

Southern Asian Leaf Turtle
(Cyclemys oldhamii)

Eastern Black-bridged Leaf Turtle
(Cyclemys pulchristriata)

Black-breasted Leaf Turtle
(Geoemyda spengleri)

Giant Asian Pond Turtle
(Heosemys grandis)

Yellow-headed Temple Turtle
(Heosemys annandalii)

Mekong Snail-eating Turtle
(Malayemys subtrijuga)

Vietnamese Pond Turtle
(Mauremys annamensis)

Chinese striped-neck Turtle
(Mauremys sinensis)

Asian yellow Pond Turtle
(Mauremys mutica)

Black Marsh Turtle
(Siebenrockiella crassicollis)

Impressed Tortoise
(Manouria impressa)

Four-eyed Turtle
(Sacalia quadriocellata)

Elongated Tortoise
(Indotestudo elongata)

Asiatic Softshell Turtle
(Amyda (cartilaginea) ornata)

Wattle-necked Softshell Turtle
(Palea steindachneri)

Cantor’s giant Softshell Turtle
(Pelochelys cantorii)

Swinhoe’s Softshell Turtle
(Rafetus swinhoei)

Spotted Softshell Turtle
(Pelodiscus variegatus)

Non-native species

Overall information
Total26species have been reported in Vietnam

According to IUCN Red List 2020, they are listed

Critically Endangered7
Endangered9
Vulnerable6
Not Evaluated4

Conservation status: Endangered (IUCN, 2020)
Legal protections:

  • CITES Appendix I
  • Decree 06/2019/ND-CP Appendix IB
  • Decree 160/2013/ND-CP (amended by Decree 64/2019/ND-CP)

Distribution: Cambodia, southern China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Habitat: Fast-flowing streams and waterfalls
Major threats: Hunting and trade

  • Cuora amboinensis
  • Conservation status: Endangered (IUCN, 2020)
  • Legal protections:
  • CITES Appendix I
  • Decree 06/2019/ND-CP Appendix IB
  • Decree 160/2013/ND-CP (amended by Decree 64/2019/ND-CP)
  • Distribution: Cambodia, southern China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Habitat: Fast-flowing streams and waterfalls
  • Major threats: Hunting and trade